UN Security Council to vote to end Somalia arms embargo after three decades

Ugandan peacekeepers with the African Transition Mission in Somalia (ATMIS) stand next to their armored vehicle on a street in Mogadishu, Somalia, May 10, 2022 [Farah Abdi Warsameh/AP Photo]

The embargo was placed on Somalia in 1992 to cut the flow of weapons to feuding warlords in the country.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is due to vote on Friday to remove the final restrictions on weapons deliveries to Somalia’s government and its security forces, diplomats said, more than 30 years after an arms embargo was first imposed on the country.

The council put the embargo on Somalia in 1992 to cut the flow of weapons to feuding warlords, who had ousted dictator Mohamed Siad Barre and plunged the Horn of Africa country into civil war.

The 15-member body is due to adopt two British-drafted resolutions on Friday, diplomats said – one to remove the full arms embargo on Somalia and another to reimpose an arms embargo on the al-Qaeda-linked al-Shabab group.

One of the draft resolutions spells out that “for the avoidance of doubt, that there is no arms embargo on the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia”.

It also expresses concern about the number of safe ammunition storage facilities in Somalia and encourages the construction, refurbishment and use of safe ammunition depots across Somalia. It urges other countries to help.

Al-Shabab has been waging a brutal insurgency against the Somali government since 2006 to try to establish its own rule based on a strict interpretation of Islamic Sharia law.

Somalia’s government had long asked for the arms embargo to be removed so it could beef up its forces to take on the militants. The UNSC began to partially start lifting measures on Somalia’s security forces in 2013.

President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud said last week that Somalia has one year to expel al-Shabab, with the deadline for remaining African Union peacekeepers to leave looming next December.



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